Fifty Years in Constantinople

Yazar: George Washburn

And Recollections of Robert College

This book has been written at the request of many friends of Robert College. It embodies a history of the College from its foundation to the close of its fortieth year, 1903. I have chosen to make it a record of personal recollections, because this seemed to be the only way in which I could write freely of events and personalities as they appeared to me at the time, without compromising the present administration of the College or making it responsible in any way for my opinions or actions.

It has been my purpose to make it as far as possible a history of the College, but the picture of a college in Constantinople during these years could not be drawn without a background of incidents, personalities and events, such as would have no place in the story of a college in America. On the other hand, it did not seem wise to make the background more attractive than the picture, or even to set the latter in the frame of a detailed history of the Turkish Empire. The Introduction is a review of the events of the last fifty years which have led to the recent revolution in Constantinople.

 

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Ek bilgi

Yazar:

Orijinal Adı:

Fifty Years in Constantinople and Recollections of Robert College

Sayfa Sayısı:

273

ISBN No:

978-605-4238-68-2

Yayın Tarihi:

Ekim 2012

Boyutlar:

21 cm x 13.5 cm

George Wasburn (1833-1915) was a professor of philosophy in Robert College, then, became president in 1877.

Tamamlayıcı Kitaplar

  • Against the Devil’s Current

    Yazar: Malcolm Stevens, Marcia Stevens

    The Life and Times of Cyrus Hamlin

    Godfrey GOODWIN

    This is the life of a determined man whose name should be included in any list of outstanding individuals of the nineteenth century. Cyrus Hamlin was much more than a dedicated missionary. He was a revolutionary educationalist who wanted learning to be a balance between the skills of the hand and the skills of the mind….

    No detail escaped this self-taught engineer who trained his students to bake bread which delighted the wounded from the Crimean War and who also invented primitive washing machines to deal with their blood and filth sodden uniforms unchanged since the battlefield. Deservedly, it was the whiff of newly baked bread that led Christopher Robert to land perchance at Bebek and so to meet Hamlin. From this encounter came the money with which to found Robert College which is now the University of the Bosphorus.

    Hamlin had to fight the Ottoman government and the Mission Board in order to achieve his college only to hand it over to his son-in-law: but he was to become President of other foundations yet. He lost two loved wives but wisely married a third and continued to have children; and if he lost his favourite young he had reason to be proud of his many surviving progeny. There was no shortage of misfortunes for him to rise above, perhaps because he was quick to take advantage of his chances. He was a man of absolute rectitude, a natural disciplinarian who was able to thwart brigandly Montenegrin labourers bent on murder and, far more dangerous, the self-righteousness of a bigoted professor. But he was also a sharp-witted and a sharp tongued no-nonsense fellow who got on well with the British Embassy and residents, whose sons were among the earliest enrolled at his college. It was natural that his fellow missionaries should find him difficult because he did not behave according to the rules, least of all when he made his original foundation by the sea at Bebek prosperous by commercial enterprise and so able to support its penniless students, many from the Anatolian hinterland.… One of the delights of this book is its revelation of the fun that he had with his children, romping around on all fours between the hundred jobs he succeeded in doing each day.

     

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  • Robert College: The American Founders

    Yazar: Keith M. Greenwood

     

    In October 1857, two young brothers …were ushered into the drawing room of Christopher Rhinelander Robert, noted New York merchant and philanthropist… They requested Robert to help finance the opening of an institution of higher learning in İstanbul.

     

    So begins the story of the founding of Robert College, the first American institution of higher education abroad, and predecessor of Boğaziçi University, nearly one and a half centuries ago. It is first and foremost the story of the character and aspirations of Cyrus Hamlin, the driving force behind the establishment of the school, and of the complex relationship betwen him and the other two individuals who made the realization of this educational project possible, Christopher Robet and George Washburn. This in itself is a fascinating and compelling tale, one that will hold the attention not only of those interested in the institution itself but of a much wider readership.

     

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  • Spiritus Roberti

    Yazar: Orlin Sabev

    Shaping New Minds and Robert College in Late Ottoman Society (1863-1923)

    This book is dedicated to Robert College’s 150th anniversary. Being founded by American missionaries in Constantinople in 1863, the college kept its vitality due to its ability to adjust the sound theory of education introduced by its founders and instructors to the changing social and political context, as well as its alumni who distinguished themselves as professionals and leaders, but above all as characters. The book approaches the Ottoman period of Robert College’s sesquicentennial history by focusing on certain hitherto neglected topics and issues related to its nature and educational ideals, as well as to its student body, and by exploring the college’s archives, dispersed in Turkey and the United States, the government archives of Ottoman and early republican period, and other vernacular archives. The book moves the object of research from the subjects who were responsible for the foundation, function and development of the college toward the object of their educational activity: the students. To this aim the book is focused on the student body and space is provided for the voice of students as preserved in their recollections.

    The book delineates the specific place and role of the college in the field of Ottoman education by promoting Protestant ideals through liberal education. On paper the college was an independent institution that was not aimed at proselytizing the local peoples but in reality the religious character of the college was indisputable. The so-called “secular Protestantism” affected the whole concept of education practiced at the college and it affected more or less the students’ mindset. The college put emphasis on the formation of strong characters in its students so as to make them able to take responsibility for their own life and development. It was achieved, not only nor even mainly through the course of studies in a wide variety of fields, but also through the all-round atmosphere in the college and especially the personal relationship between the students and their instructor. On the basis of statistics drawn from various relevant sources, the book traces out the dynamics in student enrollment and outlines those periods in the college’s history in which certain nationalities were prevalent, not only in terms of physical presence but also in terms of influence in the student body. The book defines subsequent “national” periods, specifically “Bulgarian”, “Armenian”, “Greek”, and “Turkish” periods, paying special attention to the relations between the nationalities represented in Robert College’s student body. The book provides also prosopographical research of the Bulgarian and Turkish students, based on data collected from the catalogues of students, preserved in the college archives.

    The book combines various approaches characteristic of different fields and thus is a multidisciplinary study of Robert College’s Ottoman past. Being focused on certain issues related to the nature and educational ideals of the college in close relation with its student body, the book reveals previously unexplored or partly and insufficiently studied aspects that have much to do with disciplines and sub-disciplines such as social history, history of religion, history of education, cultural studies, and political studies.

     

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